The most important countries in Asia that grow coffee are India, China, Papua New Guinea, Australia, Vietnam, and many of Indonesia's thousands of islands.
A long time ago, different Asian countries started making all kinds of different coffee. Even though Asia has a lot of great coffees, only the cheap Robusta beans grown there have a big effect on the world market.
Most Asian coffees are often grouped together and some countries that aren't usually thought of as part of Asia can surprise coffee lovers with a wide range of high-quality coffees.
Coffee beans should be grown on an island named Coffee, after all. Is there any other way that could have gone? The rich coffee berries needed to make Java coffee were brought to the island by the Dutch in the 1600s.
It's not surprising that Indonesia produces a lot of coffee, since the country is so large. A third of the world's coffee beans are grown in Indonesia. Robusta beans make up the majority, as they do in Vietnam, whereas Arabica beans make up roughly 10% of the crop.
Indonesia is made up of tens of thousands of tropical islands. Many of these locations have the perfect climate for growing high-quality coffee. In the 17th century, Dutch colonists brought arabica plants to Indonesia for the first time.
Despite the fact that Indonesia is currently the world's fourth largest producer of coffee, local growers suffered a significant setback when a plague decimated the country's coffee plants two decades ago. Despite this, Indonesia is the world's fourth-largest coffee producer. As a result, the vast majority of farmers now cultivate Robusta beans as a mainstay of their harvest. Robusta coffee plants are more resistant to disease and pests than non-Robusta coffee plants.
Due to its poor quality, Robusta produces a large amount of low-grade coffee that is generally used to make cheap, preservative-laden brews. However, there are a number of high-quality varieties in Indonesia as well. There are two types of Sumatran Arabica coffee, "Mandheling" from Sumatra and "Kopi Luvac" from Indonesian wild cats, both of which are well-known around the world.
Thailand has come a long way in producing high-quality coffee in a short period of time, despite only exporting it since the mid-1970s.
The federal government of the United States at the time initiated a program to achieve this goal in the 1970s, which is when everything got started.
The "Golden Opium Triangle" used to be located in the northern part of Thailand. It was the intention of the government to provide the opium farmers with other options for how they may make a living.
The little mountain tribe known as the Akha call the village of DOI CHAANG their home. These people still live in a very traditional manner. There is now a coffee plantation on the land thanks to the joint efforts of the United Nations and the Royal Court of Thailand.
Coffee production in Thailand has surged in recent years, making it the third-largest producer in Asia. Because of its emphasis on organic and fair trade practices, the region has produced some of the world's best coffee. Thailand's soil and climate are ideal for coffee plant growth. For many coffee connoisseurs, Thailand Peaberry is one of the most sought-after and highly regarded coffees in the world today.
In addition to its gorgeous forests, rice fields, and mouth-watering cuisine, you may not be aware that Vietnam is the world's fourth-largest producer of coffee. The fact that their coffee business didn't take off until the 1990s is even more remarkable. The Robusta bean, which is bitter and easy to grow, is Vietnam's most popular bean. Coffee aficionados from all over the world may now experience Vietnamese coffees at a fraction of the cost.
If you've only been drinking American and European coffees, there's no better time to branch out. You might discover that you prefer your usual blends, that Southeast Asian coffees are an interesting change from your usual cup, or that they introduce you to an entirely new world of tastes and flavors.
Whatever happens, there will be plenty of coffee coming out of these establishments, so if any of these appeal to you, drink as much as you want!
Learn Latte Art - for more related resources.
Other Questions about Coffee :
OCM (OnCoffeeMakers.com) was started in 2007 with the first webpage about coffee machines. And for a number of years, we focused on helping people find their desired coffee machine (we still are helping folks with that! So, if you are looking for coffee machines for office or restaurants - check out the link).
In 2010, we started getting enquiries on restaurant marketing and we start to help food and beverage brands with their marketing. Below are campaigns and events that we have done over the years:
OCM's campaigns: F&B Marketing Ideas by OCM
OCM's Events: F&B Industry events by or with OCM
Check out this restaurant marketing guide to learn more about the many campaigns and companies we have worked with.
Since then, we have also created many marketing workshops and classes for the F&B industry. Many of these modules are still running in tertiary institutions such as Temasek Polytechnic Skillsfuture Academy and also ITE College East COC classes, below are some snippets of our lectures and workshops:
OCM’s F&B workshops: Food and Beverage Marketing Lectures | Workshops - click to watch classes on customer journey map, JTBD and more.
So, if you are looking for industry practitioners to help you scale your coffee or F&B businesses, do drop us a message or book an appointment. Do also check out our various social media platforms on regular F&B and coffee market updates:
For regular coffee (F&B) related videos: OCM Youtube
For Daily Coffee Inspiration (fun coffee content): OCM IG
For insights into the coffee (F&B) industry: OCM LinkedIN
PS: For the coffee lovers, we continue to share coffee articles (and videos) and have also started a free coffee class section (with free online coffee training supported by coffee partners).